Mental Health Conditions
Learn more about some of the most common mental health conditions we treat, like depressive disorders, bipolar disorders, and anxiety disorders.
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Depressive disorders are characterized by prolonged, persistent feelings of sadness and worthlessness. Many people suffering from depression lack the desire they once had to engage in pleasurable activities. Depressive disorders typically involve the body, mind, and moods, causing interference with daily functioning.
Do you feel nervous a lot, for a long time? Has it gotten worse? Maybe you’ve found it interfering with other aspects of your life, like work, school, or your relationships? There are a variety of anxiety disorders that can plague us, like generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder.
Impulse Control Issues and Anger Issues
Impulse control issues can be a sign of a bigger problem, like an undiagnosed or misunderstood personality disorder. Impulse control disorders can manifest as under- or over-controlled impulses, with most patients falling somewhere on the spectrum. Emotions and choices can be extremely restricted, or unmanaged entirely. Healthy patients should fall somewhere in the middle of this spectrum.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
If you have trouble focusing, fidget endlessly, and make important decisions without first considering the effects of such choices, you may be suffering from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD. ADHD is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Someone suffering from unmanaged ADHD may easily become distracted, have trouble focusing, excessively fidget, and make quick choices. ADHD patients are seen as socially intrusive and usually make important decisions with little regard for the long-term consequences.
Schizophrenia is a very severe mental disorder that affects all aspects of a person’s life, including their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. A schizophrenic may seem like they have lost touch with reality. While not as common as other prevalent mental disorders, schizophrenia can still be just as, if not more so, disabling. Usually diagnosed between 16 and 30, with positive (psychotic behaviors like hallucinations, delusions, and thought disorders) and negative (disrupted normal emotions or behaviors like a flat affect, reduced pleasure, and difficulty sustaining activities) symptoms.
Bipolar disorders cause shifts in energy, mood, activity levels, and the ability to carry out everyday tasks. There are 4 types of bipolar disorders, which all include manic or hypomanic episodes (periods of extreme elevation marked by excessive energy) and depressive periods (marked by a general feeling of sadness and hopelessness).
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs in people who have experienced a traumatic event. After such an event, most people recover from the initial symptoms. However, those who do not recover may be diagnosed with PTSD. PTSD sufferers will continue to experience stress or fear when not in danger, generally starting within 3 months of the incident.
Grief and Bereavement
Dealing with the loss of a loved one can be extremely difficult. Someone going through grief or bereavement of a friend or family member may experience a variety of emotions including sadness, anger, and guilt. Loss can be hard. Grief takes its toll on the mind and emotions. Recovering from grief alone can be difficult. Time, self-compassion, and therapy can help provide closure.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is characterized by recurring thoughts, called “obsessions,” and behaviors, “compulsions,” that are typically repeated over and over to calm or soothe the person and his or her obsessions. An OCD sufferer can have obsessions, compulsions, or both. Compulsions are performed in response to an obsessive thought. Some common obsessions include germs, taboo concepts, and symmetry. Likewise, common compulsions include checking things repeatedly, counting items, and cleaning excessively.
Schizoaffective disorder combines the symptoms of schizophrenia, like hallucinations and delusions, with mood disorder symptoms, like mania and depression. Many sufferers may be misdiagnosed at first, as schizoaffective disorder shares common symptoms from a variety of mental health conditions. Men are affected at an earlier age, while 0.3% of the population is affected in total. Hallucinations, delusions, depressed mood, and manic behavior are seen in schizoaffective patients.
Having trouble sleeping? You may be suffering from a sleep disorder like insomnia (the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep), hypersomnia (excessive sleep), a sleep-related breathing disorder, Circadian Rhythm sleep-wake disorders (where sleep times are out of alignment), parasomnia (unwanted experiences while falling asleep, sleeping, or waking), and sleep movement disorders. Sleeping is a necessity, and any of these disorders can dramatically change your mind, body, and lifestyle.
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